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|Title:||Methods and uncertainties in the experimental assessment of horizontal advection|
|Authors:||MARCOLLA B.; COBBE Ivo; MINERBI Stefano; MONTAGNANI Leonardo; CESCATTI Alessandro|
|Citation:||AGRICULTURAL AND FOREST METEOROLOGY vol. 198-199 p. 62-71|
|Publisher:||ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||The eddy covariance technique is prone to underestimating the net ecosystem CO2 exchange under stable atmospheric conditions, which mostly occur at night time when other terms of the CO2 mixing ratio conservation equation (i.e. advection) may become significant. Given the potential large impact of night-time flux measurements on the estimation of the ecosystem carbon budget, it is important to develop reliable methodologies for the assessment of advective fluxes. Accurate CO2 concentration gradient measurements are needed for a precise estimation of the advection components. For this purpose a novel measurement system, designed to overcome some of the key issues of CO2 concentration measurements, has been developed and deployed at the IT-Ren eddy covariance site (Renon, BZ, Italy). In particular, the system is optimised for minimizing both the spatial and temporal uncertainty of the CO2 concentration gradients by adopting buffer volumes, a ramified sampling scheme and a rapid switch between lines. Different configurations of the measurement system were used to quantify the uncertainty of horizontal concentration gradients and to disentangle its sources. The discrete temporal sampling was the major source of uncertainty, accounting for 54% of the total uncertainty, while spatial sampling accounts for 39% of the total uncertainty in stable conditions and for 35% in unstable conditions with the remaining uncertainty being explained by the accuracy of the instrumental set-up (analyser, pumps and valves) (7% and 11% for stable and unstable atmospheric conditions respectively, corresponding to ~0.2 ppm). Finally, we investigated the effect of buffer volumes on the uncertainty generated by a discrete temporal sampling on the accuracy of horizontal advection. The use of volumes with a mean residence time equal to the turn-over time of the manifold reduced by half the standard deviation in the time series of horizontal advection (from 3.8 to 1.8 μmol m-2 s-1). The measurement system in its final configuration is currently used to quantify storage and advective fluxes at the site.|
|JRC Directorate:||Sustainable Resources|
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