Title: Brake wear particle emissions: A review
Authors: GRIGORATOS THEODOROSMARTINI Giorgio
Citation: ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH vol. 22 no. 4 p. 2491-2504
Publisher: SPRINGER HEIDELBERG
Publication Year: 2015
JRC N°: JRC92042
ISSN: 0944-1344
URI: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11356-014-3696-8
http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC92042
DOI: 10.1007/s11356-014-3696-8
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: Traffic related sources have been recognized as a significant contributor of particulate matter particularly within major cities. Exhaust and non-exhaust traffic related sources are estimated to contribute almost equally to traffic related PM10 emissions. Non-exhaust particles can be generated either from non-exhaust sources such as brake, tyre, clutch and road surface wear or already exist in the form of deposited material at the roadside and become resuspended due to traffic induced turbulence. Among non-exhaust sources, brake wear can be a significant PM contributor, particularly within areas with high traffic density and braking frequency. Studies mention that in urban environments brake wear can contribute up to 55% by mass to total non-exhaust traffic related PM10 emissions and up to 21% by mass to total traffic related PM10 emissions, while in freeways this contribution is lower due to lower braking frequency. As exhaust emissions control become stricter, relative contributions of non-exhaust sources - and therefore brake wear - to traffic related emissions will become more significant and will raise discussions on possible regulatory needs. The aim of the present literature review study is to present the state-of-the-art of the different aspects regarding PM resulting from brake wear and provide all the necessary information in terms of importance, physicochemical characteristics, emission factors and possible health effects.
JRC Directorate:Energy, Transport and Climate

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