Title: Literature review for ODS (Ozone Depleting Substances) measurement methods and data
Authors: JENSEN NielsPUTAUD Jean-PhilippeBOROWIAK Annette
Publisher: Publications Office of the European Union
Publication Year: 2015
JRC N°: JRC92791
ISBN: 978-92-79-45067-9
ISSN: 1831-9424
Other Identifiers: EUR 27069
OP LB-NA-27069-EN-N
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC92791
DOI: 10.2788/02099
Type: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports
Abstract: Stratospheric ozone absorbs most of the sun’s harmful UV radiation. The increased use of human-produced gases such as chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) has led to a magnified springtime depletion of the protective ozone layer at both Earth’s poles, especially over Antarctica, a phenomenon well known as the ozone hole. The Montreal protocol [1] deals with substances that deplete the ozone layer (ODS) and how to reduce them (Montreal protocol, 1987 and amendments/adjustments). It covers substances with a high ozone depleting potential, CFCs and the 1st generation of CFC replacements (HCFCs). The success of the implementation of the Montreal protocol and amendments has to be demonstrated by the parties (including EU and its Member States [2]), and supported by high quality atmospheric measurements of relevant compounds. Several atmospheric data-sets are available from open-access international data bases, including 7 stations across Europe: (1) Zeppelin, Ny-Ålesund, Norway, (2) Summit, Greenland, Denmark, (3) Mace Head, Ireland, (4) Tacolneston, UK, (5) Jungfraujoch, Switzerland, (6) Monte Cimone, Italy, and (7) Lampedusa (LMP), Italy, but data quality may in some cases be unknown or questionable. High-quality long-term ambient air data are mainly coming from the AGAGE Network (http://agage.mit.edu/ [3]) and NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration). Ref. [3] comprising also European stations from e.g. (I) Ireland (first Agrigole (1978-1983), then Mace Head (from 1987 to present), (II) Switzerland (Jungfraujoch), from 2000 to present, (III) Norway (Ny Ålesund), from 2000 to present, and (IV) Italy (Monte Cimone) from 2002 to present. The trends in ODS concentrations measured in-situ at ground level in Europe are consistent and, similar to the trends observed in the rest of the world (see ref. [4] containing in-situ ground level measurements, flask sampling and satellite observations), especially the downwards trend of CFCs, indicating the success of the Montreal Protocol, in limiting the atmospheric abundances of ODSs [4]. The UNEP/WMO Scientific Assessment of Ozone Depletion from 2014 states [4]: “The success of the Montreal Protocol in limiting the atmospheric abundances of ODSs is now well documented”. This is confirmed by the AGAGE measurement network [3]: “International compliance with the Montreal Protocol is so far resulting in CFC and chlorocarbons abundances comparable to the target level so the Protocol is working”. In contrast, it is of concern that the concentrations of HCFCs and N2O, where the latter one being currently the single most important gas that depletes stratospheric ozone (see e.g. ref. Ravishankara et al., 2009 [15], and discussions in this report), are still increasing.
JRC Directorate:Sustainable Resources

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