Title: EURL ECVAM Strategy to replace, reduce and refine the use of fish in aquatic toxicity and bioaccumulation testing
Authors: HALDER MARIA ELISABETHKIENZLER AUDEWHELAN MauriceWORTH Andrew
Publisher: Publications Office of the European Union
Publication Year: 2014
JRC N°: JRC93222
ISBN: 978-92-79-44557-6
ISSN: 1831-9424
Other Identifiers: EUR 26973
OP LB-NA-26973-EN-N
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC93222
DOI: 10.2788/084219
Type: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports
Abstract: The assessment of aquatic toxicity and bioaccumulation are important components of the environmental hazard and risk assessment of all types of chemicals, and are therefore included in several pieces of European Union and international legislation. In this document, the European Union Reference Laboratory for Alternatives to Animal Testing (EURL ECVAM) outlines approaches which will deliver an impact on the replacement, reduction and refinement (3Rs) of fish tests used for aquatic toxicity and bioaccumulation testing. The document is based on an assessment of the regulatory needs for these endpoints, the scientific state-of-the art and recent activities in these areas. It highlights ongoing efforts at research, validation, guideline development and regulatory level. The proposed strategy is also intended to provide a framework for the prioritisation of alternative test methods submitted to EURL ECVAM for validation. Implementation of the strategy will rely on the coordinated efforts of multiple stakeholders.
JRC Directorate:Institute for Health and Consumer Protection Historical Collection

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
eurl ecvam strategy on fish toxicity_bioaccumulation 17-12-2014_final.pdf1.33 MBAdobe PDFView/Open


Items in repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.