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|Title:||The importance of connections in seismic regions: Full-scale testing of a 3-storey precast concrete building|
|Authors:||NEGRO Paolo; MOLINA RUIZ Francisco Javier; BOURNAS Dionysios|
|Publisher:||Springer International Publishing|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||In the framework of the SAFECAST Project, a full-scale three-storey precast building was subjected to a series of pseudodynamic (PsD) tests in the Eu-ropean Laboratory for Structural Assessment (ELSA). The mock-up was con-structed in such a way that four different structural configurations could be inves-tigated experimentally. Therefore, the behaviour of various parameters like the types of mechanical connections (traditional as well as innovative) and the pres-ence or absence of shear walls along with the framed structure were investigated. The first PsD tests were conducted on a dual frame-wall precast system, where two precast shear wall units were connected to the mock up. The first test structure sustained the maximum earthquake for which it was designed with small horizon-tal deformations. In the second layout, the shear walls were disconnected from the structure, to test the building in its most typical configuration, namely with hinged beam-column connections by means of dowel bars (shear connectors). This con-figuration was quite flexible and suffered large deformations under the design lev-el earthquake. An innovative connection system, embedded in the precast ele-ments, was then activated to create emulative beam-column connections in the last two structural configurations. In particular, in the third layout the connectors were restrained only at the top floor, whereas in the fourth layout the connection system was activated in all beam-column joints. The PsD test results showed that, when activated at all the floors, the proposed connection system is quite effective as a means of implementing dry precast (quasi) emulative moment-resisting frames.|
|JRC Directorate:||Space, Security and Migration|
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