Title: High-resolution precipitation datasets in South America and West Africa based on satellite-derived rainfall, Enhanced Vegetation Index and Digital Elevation Model
Citation: REMOTE SENSING vol. 7 no. 5 p. 6454-6488
Publisher: MDPI AG
Publication Year: 2015
JRC N°: JRC93815
ISSN: 2072-4292
URI: http://www.mdpi.com/2072-4292/7/5/6454
DOI: 10.3390/rs70506454
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: Mean Annual Precipitation is one of the most important variables used in water resource management. However, quantifying Mean Annual Precipitation at high spatial resolution, needed for advanced hydrological analysis, is challenging in developing countries which often present a sparse gauge network and a highly variable climate. In this work, we present a methodology to quantify Mean Annual Precipitation at 1 km spatial resolution using different precipitation products from satellite estimates and gauge observations at coarse spatial resolution (i.e., ranging from 4 km to 25 km). Examples of this methodology are given for South America and West Africa. We develop a downscaling method that exploits the relationship among satellite-derived rainfall, Digital Elevation Model and Enhanced Vegetation Index. At last, we validate its performance using rain gauge measurements: comparable annual precipitation estimates for both South America and West Africa are retrieved. Validation indicates that high resolution Mean Annual Precipitation downscaled from CHIRP (Climate Hazards Group Infrared Precipitation) and GPCC (Global Precipitation Climatology Centre) datasets present the best ensemble of performance statistics for both South America and West Africa. Results also highlight the potential of the presented technique to downscale satellite-derived rainfall worldwide.
JRC Directorate:Sustainable Resources

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