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|Title:||The Marine Strategy Framework Directive and the ecosystem-based approach - pitfalls and solutions|
|Authors:||BERG Torsten; FURHAUPTER Karin; GONCALVES TEIXEIRA HELIANA; UUSITALO Laura; ZAMPOUKAS NIKOLAOS|
|Citation:||MARINE POLLUTION BULLETIN vol. 96 no. 1-2 p. 18-28|
|Publisher:||PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||The European Marine Strategy Framework Directive aims at good environmental status (GES) in marine waters, following an ecosystem-based approach, focused on 11 descriptors related to ecosystem features, human drivers and pressures. Furthermore, 29 subordinate criteria and 56 attributes are detailed in an EU Commission Decision. The analysis of the Decision and the associated operational indicators revealed ambiguity in the use of terms, such as indicator, impact and habitat and considerable overlap of indicators assigned to various descriptors and criteria. We suggest re-arrangement and elimination of redundant criteria and attributes avoiding double counting in the subsequent indicator synthesis, a clear distinction between pressure and state descriptors and addition of criteria on ecosystem services and functioning. Moreover, we suggest the precautionary principle should be followed for the management of pressures and an evidence-based approach for monitoring state as well as reaching and maintaining GES.|
|JRC Directorate:||Sustainable Resources|
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