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|Title:||Joint Control of Terrestrial Gross Primary Productivity by Plant Phenology and Physiology|
|Authors:||XIA J; NIU Shuli; CIAIS P.; JANSSENS I. A.; CHEN Jiquan; AMMANN C.; ARAIN A.; BLANKEN P.d.; CESCATTI Alessandro; BONAL Damien; BUCHMANN N.; CURTIS Peter S; CHEN Shiping; DONG Jinwei; FLANAGAN Lawrence B; FRANKENBERG Christian; GEORGIALIS Teodoro; GOUGH .; HUI Dafeng; KIELY Gerald; LI J; LUND Magnus; Magliulo E; MARCOLLA B.; MERBOLD Lutz; MONTAGNANI Leonardo; MOORS E.; OLESEN J.e.; PIAO Shilong; RASCHI A.; ROUPSARD O.; SUYKER A.; URBANIAK Marek; VACCARI FRANCESCO; VARLAGIN A.; Vesala T; WILKINSON Matthew; WENG Ensheng; WOHLFAHRT G.; YAN Liming; LUO Yiqi|
|Citation:||PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA vol. 112 no. 9 p. 2788-2793|
|Publisher:||NATL ACAD SCIENCES|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||Terrestrial gross primary productivity (GPP) varies greatly over time and space. A better understanding of this variability is necessary for more accurate predictions of the future climate-carbon cycle feedback. Recent studies have suggested that variability in GPP is driven by a broad range of biotic and abiotic factors operating mainly through changes in vegetation phenology and physiological processes. However, it is still unclear how plant phenology and physiology can be integrated to explain the spatiotemporal variability of terrestrial GPP. Based on analyses of eddy-covariance and satellite-derived data, we decomposed annual terrestrial GPP into the length of CO2 uptake period (CUP) and the seasonal maximal capacity of CO2 uptake (GPPmax). The product of CUP and GPPmax explained >90% of the temporal GPP variability in most areas of North America during 2000‒2010 and the spatial GPP variation among FLUXNET sites. It also explained GPP response to the European heatwave in 2003 (r2 = 0.90) and GPP recovery after a fire disturbance in South Dakota, USA (r2 = 0.88). Further analysis of the eddy-covariance flux data shows that the GPP variability among and within biomes is more explained by GPPmax than CUP. These findings indicate that terrestrial GPP is jointly controlled by ecosystem-level plant phenology and photosynthetic capacity, and it is essential to understand GPPmax and CUP responses to environmental and biological variations so as to predict GPP changes over time and space.|
|JRC Directorate:||Sustainable Resources|
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