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|Title:||An exploratory policy analysis of electric vehicle sales competition and sensitivity to infrastructure in Europe|
|Authors:||HARRISON GILLIAN; THIEL CHRISTIAN|
|Citation:||TECHNOLOGICAL FORECASTING AND SOCIAL CHANGE vol. 114 p. 165-178|
|Publisher:||ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||This research contributes to ongoing discussions about policy interventions designed to stimulate the transition of vehicle technology. Three high profile policy options are investigated, aimed at manufacturers, users and infrastructure providers. Concentrating on passenger cars, an extensive system dynamics based market agent model of powertrain technology transitions within the EU up to 2050 is employed. With a focus on subsidy scenarios for both infrastructure deployment and vehicle purchase, and set within the context of the EU fleet emission regulations, we find that there are important interactions between different powertrain types and with infrastructure provision. For example, strong plug-in electric vehicle (PiEV) policy could inhibit the maturity of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles. Infrastructure provision is important for improving the utility of a PiEV, but we find that in the early market it may have a weaker correlation with uptake than other policy options, until the PiEV stock share is over around 5%. Furthermore, an attempt to install a ratio of much more or much less than one charge point per 10 PiEV may lead to little gains and high costs. PiEV sales are relatively insensitive at target levels below 5 or over 25 PiEV per charge point. The results of our study can help policymakers to find the right balance and timing of measures targeting the transition towards low carbon alternative vehicles.|
|JRC Directorate:||Energy, Transport and Climate|
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