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|Title:||A method of establishing a transect for biodiversity and ecosystem function monitoring across Europe|
|Authors:||STONE D; BLOMKVIST P; HENDRIKSEN N.bohse; BONKOWSKI Michael; BRACHT H; CARVALHO F; DUNBAR MARTHA BONNET; GARDI Ciro; GEISEN S; GRIFFITHS R; HUG As; JENSEN J; LAUDON H; MENDES S; MORAIS Pv; ORGIAZZI ALBERTO; PLASSART P; RÖMBKE J; RUTGERS M; SCHMELZ Rm; SOUSA Jp; STEENBERGEN E; SUHADOLC Metka; WINDING A; ZUPAN M; LEMANCEAU Philippe; CREAMER Re|
|Citation:||APPLIED SOIL ECOLOGY vol. 97 p. 3-11|
|Publisher:||ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||The establishment of the range of soil biodiversity found within Europe soils is needed to facilitate EU policy development regarding the protection of Soil Quality. Such a base-line should be collated from a wide-ranging sampling campaign to ensure that soil biodiversity from the majority of soil types, land-use or management systems, and European climatic (bio-geographical zones) were included. This paper reports on a test of the large scale sampling associated with the establishment of such a baseline, carried out within the remit of the EcoFINDERS project, and outlines points to consider when such a task is undertaken. Using sites selected by a GIS model, a sampling campaign was undertaken by 13 partners within 11 countries providing data on the range of indicators of biodiversity and ecosystem functions including; micro and meso fauna biodiversity, extracellular enzyme activity, PLFA and community level physiological profiling (MicroRespTM and BiologTM). Physical, chemical and bio-geographical parameters of the 81 sites sampled were used to determine whether the model predicted a wide enough range of sites to allow assessment of the biodiversity indicators tested. Discrimination between the major bio-geographical zones of Atlantic and Continental was possible for all land-use types. Boreal and Alpine zones only allowed discrimination in the most common land-use type for that area e.g. forestry and grassland sites, respectively, while the Mediterranean zone did not have enough sites sampled to draw conclusions across all land-use types. The method used allowed the inclusion of a range of land-uses in both the model prediction stage and the final sites sampled. The establishment of the range of soil biodiversity across Europe is possible, though a larger targeted campaign is recommended. The techniques applied within the EcoFINDERS sampling would be applicable to a larger campaign.|
|JRC Directorate:||Sustainable Resources|
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