Title: Knowledge flows, the influence of national R&D structure and the moderating role of public–private cooperation
Authors: AZAGRA-CARO JoaquinCONSOLI Davide
Citation: JOURNAL OF TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER vol. 41 p. 152-172
Publisher: SPRINGER
Publication Year: 2016
JRC N°: JRC95362
ISSN: 0892-9912
URI: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10961-014-9382-7
DOI: 10.1007/s10961-014-9382-7
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: Abstract This paper analyses country-specific determinants of knowledge flows with a view to uncover the role of cross-organizational interactions. Using a sample of some 600,000 patents from the EU27 member states in the period 1990–2007, we take backward citations as dependent variable and find that technological sophistication and research size have a positive effect on knowledge flows. While a national bias towards applied research and development has a negative impact, individual public–private cooperation has a moderating effect due to the generation of scientific knowledge by public institutions. The present study contributes to the debate concerning the direction of R&D investments and provides empirical support to policies aimed at the enhancement of public–private cooperation.
JRC Directorate:Growth and Innovation

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