Title: STREST – Report on lessons learned from recent catastrophic events: WP2 – State-of-the-art and lessons learned
Authors: KRAUSMANN Elisabeth
Publisher: Publications Office of the European Union
Publication Year: 2014
JRC N°: JRC95650
ISBN: 978-92-79-47750-8
ISSN: 1831-9424
Other Identifiers: EUR 27206
OP LB-NA-27206-EN-N
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC95650
DOI: 10.2788/618
Type: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports
Abstract: Critical infrastructures are the backbone of modern society and provide many essential goods and services. Recently, natural events impacting critical infrastructures have highlighted the vulnerability of these infrastructures to natural hazards. They have also revealed the risk of cascading failures with potentially major and extended societal and economic consequences. This reports provides case-study descriptions of past incidents to shed light on the vulnerability of critical infrastructures to selected natural hazards. More specifically, incidents at refineries, large dams, hydrocarbon pipelines, natural gas storage and distribution, ports and industrial districts were analysed to better understand impact dynamics, system weaknesses, potential consequences and contributing factors. Based on the case histories and experience from similar incidents, lessons learned were derived for 1) system weaknesses and critical components, 2) potential for propagation, 3) consequence severity and extent and 4) protection systems and measures.
JRC Directorate:Space, Security and Migration

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