Title: SPECIEUROPE: The European data base for PM source profiles
Authors: PERNIGOTTI DENISEBELIS CLAUDIOSPANO' LUCA
Citation: ATMOSPHERIC POLLUTION RESEARCH vol. 7 no. 2 p. 307-314
Publisher: TURKISH NATL COMMITTEE AIR POLLUTION RES & CONTROL-TUNCAP
Publication Year: 2016
JRC N°: JRC96463
ISSN: 1309-1042
URI: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1309104215000641
http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC96463
DOI: 10.1016/j.apr.2015.10.007
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: A database of atmospheric particulate matter emission source profiles in Europe (SPECIEUROPE) was developed by the Joint Research Center in the framework of the Forum for air quality modeling in Europe (FAIRMODE, Working Group 3). It contains the chemical composition of particulate matter (PM) emission sources reported in the scientific literature and reports drafted by competent authorities. The first release of SPECIEUROPE consists of 151 measured profiles (original), 13 composite (merging different subcategories of similar sources), 6 calculated (from stoichiometric composition) and 39 profiles derived from source apportionment studies. Each profile is related to one or more source categories or subcategories. The sources with the highest PM relative mass toxic pollutants such as PAHs are fuel oil burning, ship emissions, coke burning and wood burning. Heavy metals are most abundant in metal processing activities while halogens are mostly present in fertilizer production, coal burning and metallurgic sector. Anhydrosugars are only measured in biomass and wood burning source categories. The alkaline earth metals are mostly present in road dust, cement production, soil dust and sometime coal burning. Source categories as traffic and industrial, which contain heterogeneous subcategories, show the greatest internal variability. The relationships between source profiles were also explored using a cluster analysis approach based upon the Standardized Identity Distance (SID) indicator. The majority of profiles are distributed in 8 clusters, which for heterogeneous sources do not correspond to the commonly used broad source category. For example the industrial source spread among three clusters with different characteristics.
JRC Directorate:Sustainable Resources

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