Title: How far away is hydrogen? Its role in the medium and long-term decarbonisation of the European energy system
Authors: SGOBBI ALESSANDRANIJS WOUTERDE MIGLIO RoccoCHIODI AlessandroGARGIULO MaurizioTHIEL CHRISTIAN
Citation: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY vol. 41 no. 1 p. 19-35
Publisher: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Publication Year: 2016
JRC N°: JRC96734
ISSN: 0360-3199
URI: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0360319915301889
http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC96734
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2015.09.004
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: Hydrogen is a promising avenue for decarbonising energy systems and providing flexibility. In this paper, the JRC-EU-TIMES model – a bottom-up, technology-rich model of the EU28 energy system– is used to assess the role of hydrogen in a future decarbonised Europe under two climate scenarios, current policy initiative (CPI) and long-term decarbonisation (CAP). Our results indicate that hydrogen could become a viable option already in 2030 – however, a long-term CO2 cap is needed to sustain the transition. In the CAP scenario, the share of hydrogen in the final energy consumption of the transport and industry sectors reaches 5% and 6% by 2050. Low-carbon production technologies dominate, and electrolysers provide flexibility by absorbing electricity at times of high availability of intermittent sources. Hydrogen could also play a significant role in the industrial and transport sectors, while the emergence of stationary hydrogen fuel cells for hydrogen-to-power would require significant cost improvements, over and above those projected by the experts.
JRC Directorate:Energy, Transport and Climate

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