Title: High Frequency Acoustic Microscopy for the Determination of Porosity and Young’s Modulus in High Burnup Uranium Dioxide Nuclear Fuel
Authors: MARCHETTI MARALAUX DidierCAPPIA FABIOLALAURIE MathiasVAN UFFELEN PaulRONDINELLA VincenzoWISS ThierryDESPAUX Gilles
Citation: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NUCLEAR SCIENCE vol. 63 no. 3 p. 1520 - 1525
Publisher: IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC
Publication Year: 2015
JRC N°: JRC97035
ISSN: 0018-9499
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC97035
DOI: 10.1109/TNS.2016.2552241
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: During irradiation UO2 nuclear fuel experiences the development of a non-uniform distribution of porosity which contributes to establish varying mechanical properties along the radius of the pellet. Radial variations of both porosity and elastic properties in high burnup UO2 pellet can be investigated via high frequency acoustic microscopy. For this purpose ultrasound waves are generated by a piezoelectric transducer and focused on the sample, after having travelled through a coupling liquid. The elastic properties of the material are related to the velocity of the generated Rayleigh surface wave (VR). A UO2 pellet with a burnup of 67 GWd/tU was characterized using the acoustic microscope installed in the hot cells of the JRC-ITU at a 90 MHz frequency, with methanol as coupling liquid. VR was measured at different radial positions. A good agreement was found, when comparing the porosity values obtained via acoustic microscopy with those determined using SEM image analysis, especially in the areas close to the centre. In addition, Young’s modulus was calculated and its radial profile was correlated to the corresponding burnup profile and to the hardness radial profile data obtained by Vickers micro-indentation.
JRC Directorate:Nuclear Safety and Security

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