Title: Application of the Angle Measure Technique as image texture analysis method for the identification of Uranium Ore Concentrate samples: new perspective in nuclear forensics
Authors: FONGARO LORENZOHO MER LIN DORISKVAAL KnutMAYER KlausRONDINELLA Vincenzo
Citation: TALANTA vol. 152 p. 463-474
Publisher: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Publication Year: 2016
JRC N°: JRC97263
ISSN: 0039-9140
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC97263
DOI: 10.1016/j.talanta.2016.02.027
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: The identification of interdicted nuclear or radioactive materials requires the application of dedicated techniques. In this work, a new approach for characterizing powder of uranium ore concentrates (UOCs) is presented. It is based on image texture analysis and multivariate data modelling. 26 different UOCs samples were evaluated applying the Angle Measure Technique (AMT) algorithm to extract textural features on samples images acquired at 250x and 1000x magnification by Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). At both magnifications, this method proved effective to classify the different types of UOC powder based on the surface characteristics that depend on particle size, homogeneity, and graininess and are related to the composition and processes used in the production facilities. Using the outcome data from the application of the AMT algorithm, the total explained variance was higher than 90% with principal component analysis (PCA), while partial least square discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) applied only on the 14 black colour UOCs powder samples, allowed their classification only on the basis of their surface texture features (sensitivity>0.6; specificity>0.6). This preliminary study shows that this method was able to distinguish samples with similar composition, but obtained from different facilities. The mean angle spectral data obtained by the image texture analysis using the AMT algorithm can be considered as a specific fingerprint or signature of UOCs and could be used for nuclear forensic investigation.
JRC Directorate:Nuclear Safety and Security

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