Title: PolyPole-1: An accurate numerical algorithm for intra-granular fission gas release
Citation: JOURNAL OF NUCLEAR MATERIALS vol. 478 p. 333-342
Publication Year: 2016
JRC N°: JRC97958
ISSN: 0022-3115
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC97958
DOI: 10.1016/j.jnucmat.2016.06.028
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: The transport of fission gas from within the fuel grains to the grain boundaries (intra-granular fission gas release) is a fundamental controlling mechanism of fission gas release and gaseous swelling in nuclear fuel. Hence, accurate numerical solution of the corresponding mathematical problem needs to be included in fission gas behaviour models used in fuel performance codes. Under the assumption of equilibrium between trapping and resolution, the process can be described mathematically by a single diffusion equation for the gas atom concentration in a grain. In this paper, we propose a new numerical algorithm (PolyPole-1) to efficiently solve the fission gas diffusion equation in time-varying conditions. The PolyPole-1 algorithm is based on the analytic modal solution of the diffusion equation for constant conditions, combined with polynomial corrective terms that embody the information on the deviation from constant conditions. The new algorithm is verified by comparing the results to a finite difference solution over a large number of randomly generated operation histories. Furthermore, comparison to state-of-the-art algorithms used in fuel performance codes demonstrates that the accuracy of PolyPole-1 is superior to other algorithms, with similar computational effort. Finally, the concept of PolyPole-1 may be extended to the solution of the general problem of intra-granular fission gas diffusion during non-equilibrium trapping and resolution, which will be the subject of future work.
JRC Directorate:Nuclear Safety and Security

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