Title: Hierarchical object-based mapping of riverscape units and in-stream mesohabitats using LiDAR and VHR imagery
Citation: REMOTE SENSING vol. 8 no. 2 p. 97
Publisher: MDPI AG
Publication Year: 2016
JRC N°: JRC98094
ISSN: 2072-4292
URI: http://www.mdpi.com/2072-4292/8/2/97
DOI: 10.3390/rs8020097
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: In this paper, we present a new, semi-automated methodology for mapping hydromorphological indicators of rivers at a regional scale using multisource remote sensing (RS) data. This novel approach is based on the integration of spectral and topographic information within a multilevel, geographic, object-based image analysis (GEOBIA). Different segmentation levels were generated based on the two sources of RS data, namely very-high spatial resolution, near-infrared imagery (VHR) and high-resolution LiDAR topography. At each level, different input object features were tested with Machine Learning classifiers for mapping riverscape units and in-stream mesohabitats. The GEOBIA approach proved to be a powerful tool for analyzing the river system at different levels of detail and for coupling spectral and topographic datasets, allowing for the delineation of the natural fluvial corridor with its primary riverscape units (e.g., water channel, unvegetated sediment bars, riparian densely-vegetated units, etc..) and in-stream mesohabitats with a high level of accuracy, respectively of K=0.91 and K=0.83. This method is flexible and can be adapted to different sources of data, with the potential to be implemented at regional scales in the future. The analyzed dataset, composed of VHR imagery and LiDAR data, is nowadays increasingly available at larger scales, notably through European Member States. At the same time, this methodology provides a tool for monitoring and characterizing the hydromorphological status of river systems continuously along the entire channel network and coherently through time, opening novel and significant perspectives to the river science and management, notably for planning and targeting actions.
JRC Directorate:Sustainable Resources

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