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|Title:||Nanomaterials as a potential environmental pollutant: Overview of existing risk assessment methodologies|
|Authors:||RIO ECHEVARRIA IRIA MARIA; RICKERBY David|
|Citation:||HUMAN AND ECOLOGICAL RISK ASSESSMENT vol. 22 no. 2 p. 460-474|
|Publisher:||TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||The development and use of engineered nanomaterials is increasing rapidly and there are already a large number of consumer products containing nanomaterials. The possible release of nanomaterials from these products is still uncertain, as is their ﬁnal fate and effects in the environment. Regulators need to deal with this lack of data when carrying out risk assessment and modify the existing risk assessment approaches to adapt them to the unique features of nanomaterials. Here we give an overview of various risk assessment approaches for nanomaterials developed worldwide in which we describe their strengths and limitations, and have evaluated two of them, the Nano Risk Framework and the Precautionary Matrix for speciﬁc cases. Many properties of engineered nanomaterials are unknown and this causes deﬁciencies in the approaches studied. It is therefore essential to increase the present scarce data on nanomaterials released in the environment and close the gaps in the current methodologies to perform adequate risk assessment for nanomaterials|
|JRC Directorate:||Institute for Health and Consumer Protection Historical Collection|
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