Title: The Costa Concordia Last Cruise: The First Application of High Frequency Monitoring Based on COSMO-SkyMed Constellation for Wreck Removal
Authors: CIAMPALLINI AndreaRASPINI FedericoBIANCHINI SilviaTARCHI DarioVESPE MICHELEMORETTI SandroCASAGLI Nicola
Citation: ISPRS JOURNAL OF PHOTOGRAMMETRY AND REMOTE SENSING vol. 112 p. 37-49
Publisher: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Publication Year: 2016
JRC N°: JRC98434
ISSN: 0924-2716
URI: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0924271615002592
http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC98434
DOI: 10.1016/j.isprsjprs.2015.12.001
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: The Italian vessel Costa Concordia wrecked on January 13th 2012 offshore the Giglio Island (Tuscany, Italy), with the loss of 32 lives. Salvage operation of the vessel started immediately after the wreck. This operation was the largest and most expensive maritime salvage ever attempted on a wrecked ship and it ended in July 2014 when the Costa Concordia was removed from the Giglio Island, and dragged in the port of Genoa where it was dismantled. The refloating and removal phases of the Costa Concordia were monitored, in the period between 14th and 27th of July, exploiting SAR (Synthetic Aperture Radar) images acquired by the X-band COSMO-SkyMed satellite constellation in crisis mode. The main targets of the monitoring system were: (i) the detection of possible spill of pollutant material from the vessel and (ii) to exclude that oil slicks, illegally produced by other vessels, could be improperly linked to the naval convoy during its transit along the route between the Giglio Island and the port of Genoa. Results point out that the adopted monitoring system, through the use of the COSMO-SkyMed constellation, can be profitably employed to monitor emergency phases related to single ship or naval convoy over wide areas and with a suitable temporal coverage. Furthermore, the refloating and removal phases of the Costa Concordia were a success because no pollution was produced during the operations.
JRC Directorate:Space, Security and Migration

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