Title: National Reachback Systems for Nuclear Security: State-of-play report: ERNCIP Thematic Group Radiological and Nuclear Threats to Critical Infrastructure: Deliverable of task 3.1b
Authors: TOIVONEN H.HUBERT SchoechREPPENHAGEN GRIM P.PIBIDA LeticiaJAMES MarkZHANG WeihuaPERÄJÄRVI K.
Publisher: Publications Office of the European Union
Publication Year: 2015
JRC N°: JRC98711
ISBN: 978-92-79-54066-0
ISSN: 1831-9424
Other Identifiers: EUR 27626
OP LB-NA-27626-EN-N
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC98711
DOI: 10.2788/718077
Type: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports
Abstract: Operational systems for nuclear security in Finland, France, Denmark, UK, US and Canada were reviewed. The Finnish case is a holistic approach to Nuclear Security Detection Architecture, as defined by the International Atomic Energy Agency; reachback is only one component of the system, albeit an important crosscutting element of the detection architecture. The French and US studies concentrate on the reachback itself. The Danish nuclear security system is information-driven, relying on the cooperation of the competent authorities. The British and Canadian analyses describe nuclear security planning and operations in a Major Public Event (MPE), Olympics, where cooperation between the frontline officers and the reachback centre plays a key role to reduce radiological and nuclear risks. For the implementation of an efficient reachback system there is a strong need for standardizing the data acquisition, storing, and the final distribution of the analysis results. Major nuclear powers take this activity very seriously and they have 24/7 all year national service for information processing. The case studies of Finland and France show that efficient European reachback is manageable and technically possible on a country-wide basis. The case study on Denmark reveals that countries with limited reachback resources need an adequate and standardized technical information sharing mechanism to aid their national analysis services in a precise and timely manner.
JRC Directorate:Space, Security and Migration

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