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|Title:||When large companies build ecosystem, should small companies join? A role for open innovation|
|Authors:||GABISON Garry; PESOLE ANNAROSA; DI MININ Alberto; MARULLO Cristina|
|Publisher:||European Commission, Directorate-General for Communications Networks, Content and Technology|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||The rise of the Open Innovation paradigm has encouraged the creation of innovation networks (ecosystems) involving a mix of partners: universities, research laboratories, startup companies, SMEs, multinationals and governments. Physical proximity is an essential driver of Open Innovation effectiveness. It enables the exchange of ideas and inside/outside exploitation of knowledge and resources. This paper investigates how some large companies invested in key relationships with external innovation partners through the creation and the orchestration of open ecosystems (e.g. open research campuses) .By contrast, small companies cannot afford to create and orchestrate their own local research ecosystem, but they do have the option to join or co-locate within existing ecosystems. This paper draws lessons from 2 of 13 case studies we collected and compares and contrasts the experience of ecosystem builders and ecosystem joiners.|
|JRC Directorate:||Growth and Innovation|
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