Title: Application of ASTEC, MELCOR, and MAAP Computer Codes for Thermal Hydraulic Analysis of a PWR Containment Equipped with the PCFV and PAR Systems
Authors: SADEK SINISAGRGIC DAVORSIMIC ZDENKO
Citation: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY OF NUCLEAR INSTALLATIONS vol. 2017 p. Article ID 8431934
Publisher: HINDAWI PUBLISHING CORP
Publication Year: 2017
JRC N°: JRC99507
ISSN: 1687-6075
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC99507
DOI: 10.1155/2017/8431934
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: The integrity of the containment will be challenged during a severe accident due to pressurization caused by the accumulation of steam and other gases and possible ignition of hydrogen and carbon monoxide. Installation of a passive filtered venting system and passive autocatalytic recombiners allows control of the pressure, radioactive releases, and concentration of flammable gases. Thermal hydraulic analysis of the containment equipped with dedicated passive safety systems after a hypothetical station blackout event is performed for a two-loop pressurized water reactor NPP with three integral severe accident codes: ASTEC, MELCOR, and MAAP. MELCOR and MAAP are two major US codes for severe accident analyses, and the ASTEC code is the European code, joint property of Institut de Radioprotection et de Sûreté Nucléaire (IRSN, France) and Gesellschaft für Anlagen und Reaktorsicherheit (GRS, Germany). Codes’ overall characteristics, physics models, and the analysis results are compared herein. Despite considerable differences between the codes’ modelling features, the general trends of the NPP behaviour are found to be similar, although discrepancies related to simulation of the processes in the containment cavity are also observed and discussed in the paper.
JRC Directorate:Nuclear Safety and Security

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