Title: Review schemes and reviewers’ selection criteria in the Life Cycle Data Network framework, and at global level.
Authors: FAZIO SIMONE
Publisher: Publications Office of the European Union
Publication Year: 2016
JRC N°: JRC104639
ISBN: 978-92-79-64395-8 (print)
978-92-79-64394-1 (pdf)
ISSN: 1018-5593 (print)
1831-9424 (online)
Other Identifiers: EUR 28277 EN
OP LB-NA-28277-EN-C (print)
OP LB-NA-28277-EN-N (online)
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC104639
DOI: 10.2788/578476
10.2788/573305
Type: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports
Abstract: Quality and consistency of Life Cycle Inventory (LCI) datasets are essential in public policy and business contexts, as well as in publicly disclosed information in business to business and business to consumer communication. This can be assured through a critical review of the underlying data and of the Life Cycle Assessment studies themselves. A review assesses to what extent a life cycle assessment study or related data meets pre-defined requirements. Undertaking a review can help avoid errors, ensure that all options or method requirements have been appropriately taken into account, and hence increase stakeholder confidence and buy-in into results. Failing to perform a review can cost significantly more in the long term than initially apparently saved. The principles for reviews are very briefly addressed in the ISO 14040 series. While other LCA-based standards define some review requirements in more detail. The review requirements reported in this document conform to the LCA-based ISO standards. However, different schemes, such as the International Life Cycle Data system (ILCD), the Product- and Organisation- Environmental Footprint (PEF/OEF), and the ILCD Entry Level Requirements (ILCD-EL), goes beyond the ISO requirements, in order to endorse more precise and qualified reviews. The overall objective is to assist quality-assurance of life cycle data, studies and to enable the provision of reliable decision support in business and government. The main goal of this report is to better define the requirements for the review scheme in the ILCD-EL scheme, released in 2012. The improvements are related to the eligibility criteria for reviewers and the harmonization of reporting system for all the allowed types of reviewer. The document also gives an overview on the review rules in different ILCD-based schemes, also in comparison with the Global Guidance Principles for Life Cycle Assessment Databases, developed under the UNEP-SETAC life cycle initiative. A review template for Life Cycle Inventory (LCI) datasets, to be shared through the Life Cycle Data Network , considering the ILCD entry level requirements, is also provided. The main target audience for this guide are the LCA reviewers who are interested to be identified as qualified reviewer within the Life Cycle Data Network (LCDN) System and ILCD-based schemes, but also the data developers and practitioners that are looking for appropriate reviewers for data/studies validation. The eligibility of reviewers can be automatically assessed within the Reviewer Registry of the European Platform on LCA, available in the Resource Directory section . The reviewer qualification scheme is based on a self-declaration of skills, from which the Reviewer Registry can automatically assess the eligibility under different schemes (so far “full” ILCD Compliance, PEF/OEF and ILCD Entry level, the latter according to the new rules defined in this report). The main qualification aspects, taken into account for the eligibility assessment are: expertise in Life Cycle Assessment methodology; knowledge of applicable review rules; experience in review or verification; sectorial expertise (i.e. technical expertise on the process or product captured by the data set under review). The new criteria, introduced in the ILCD-EL scheme, are following the same approach defined in the Environmental Footprint and the “full” ILCD compliance. They includes minimum thresholds (less requiring than the other 2 schemes, in terms of total experience needed) in the above-mentioned qualification aspects that need to be passed, either as a single reviewer or in a team. The new set of entry level requirements defined in this document, will become mandatory, for the submission of new datasets into the Life Cycle Data Network, from the 1st of July 2017, after a transitional period.
JRC Directorate:Sustainable Resources

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