Title: Ionization Chamber for Prompt Fission Neutron Investigations
Citation: PHYSICS PROCEDIA vol. 59 p. 160-166
Publisher: ELSEVIER BV
Publication Year: 2014
JRC N°: JRC105399
ISSN: 1875-3892
URI: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1875389214005008
DOI: 10.1016/j.phpro.2014.10.025
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: In this work we report recent achievements in design of twin back-to-back ionization chamber (TIC) for fission fragment (FF) mass and kinetic energy measurement. Correlated FF kinetic energies, their masses and the angle of FF in respect to the axes in 3D Cartesian coordinates can be determined from analysis of the heights and shapes of the pulses induced by the fission fragments on the anodes of TIC. Anodes of TIC were designed as consisting of isolated strips each having independent electronic circuitry and special multi-channel pulse processing apparatus. Mathematical formulae provided for FF angles measured in respect to the coordinate axes. It was shown how the point of fission fragments origin on the target plane may be determined using the same measured data. The last feature made the TIC a rather powerful tool for prompt fission neutron (PFN) emission investigation in event-by-event analysis of individual fission reactions from non- point fissile source. Position sensitive neutron induced fission detector for neutron-imaging applications with both thermal and low energy neutrons was found as another possible implementation of the designed TIC.
JRC Directorate:Nuclear Safety and Security

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