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|Title:||What is the current state of forest product markets and how will they develop in the future?|
|Authors:||JONSSON KLAS; HURMEKOSKI ELIAS; HETEMAKI LAURI; PRESTEMON JEFFREY|
|Publisher:||European Forest Institute|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||Forest-based industries – pulp and paper, solid wood products, and a number of downstream value-added wood-based manufacturers – have received limited attention in the pursuit of a successful implementation of EU and national bioeconomy strategies. According to Eurostat, the pulp and paper and solid wood products industries accounted for about 4.4% (€277 billion) of the production value and 5.4% (1.61 million) of total EU employment in manufacturing in 2013. The importance of the sector is far greater if one were to include forestry and logging and downstream wood-based industries (furniture, energy, chemicals, etc.). The global and European forest-based industries are undergoing major structural changes (Hansen et al, 2013). Most notably, the consumption of graphic papers has been declining in most OECD countries and increasingly also in non-OECD countries, such as China, due to the increasing use of electronic media. Moreover, the consumption and production of wood-based products is increasingly shifting from the previously leading forest industry regions of North America, Western Europe, and Japan to the rapidly growing large economies of China, Brazil, and India. Furthermore, with emerging new biobased products, such as biofuels and bioplastics, the boundaries with other sectors, such as energy, chemical and textile industries, are expected to become increasingly blurred. These changes are producing a growing diversity and complexity in the forest sector, presenting what are likely to be ever greater economic and policymaking challenges in Europe and worldwide in the future. The outlook for European forest-based industries depends on the perspective. In terms of market growth, looking only at large volume traditional products (sawn wood, wood-based panels, pulp and paper) may yield a different picture compared to one that considers also new or emerging wood-based bioproducts. The aim of this section is to assess ongoing trends and likely future developments of European forest-based products markets, considering the most recent research, expert assessments, and available data.|
|JRC Directorate:||Sustainable Resources|
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