Title: The 55Fe half-life measured with a pressurised proportional counter
Citation: APPLIED RADIATION AND ISOTOPES vol. 148 p. 27-34
Publication Year: 2019
JRC N°: JRC113799
ISSN: 0969-8043 (online)
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC113799
DOI: 10.1016/j.apradiso.2019.01.008
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: The half-life of 55Fe has been measured accurately by following the decay curve of three sources with a large pressurised proportional counter. An argon(90%)-methane(10%) mixture was used as counter gas, at atmospheric pressure (∼1 × 105 Pa) and at enhanced pressures of 5 × 105 Pa and 8 × 105 Pa (for 1 source), respectively. The first measurements were performed in 2001, but the experiment was executed more systematically between 2005 and 2018, covering a period of about 5 half-lives. The residuals from an exponential decay curve were of the order of 0.1% to 0.2% at 1 × 105 Pa, and 0.03% at 5 × 105 Pa and 8 × 105 Pa. The gain of stability with increased gas pressure was due to asymptotically reaching the maximum counting efficiency, resulting in lower sensitivity to pressure variations. The deduced half-life value of T1/2(55Fe) = 1006.70 (15) d or 2.7563 (4) a is more accurate than other data in literature, which are mutually discrepant. It is consistent with previous measurements at JRC with an X-ray defined solid angle counter.
JRC Directorate:Nuclear Safety and Security

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