Title: Bridges across borders: a clustering approach to support EU regional policy
Citation: JOURNAL OF TRANSPORT GEOGRAPHY vol. 83 p. 102666
Publication Year: 2020
JRC N°: JRC116085
ISSN: 0966-6923 (online)
URI: https://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC116085
DOI: 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2020.102666
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: We present a methodology to analyse high resolution population and transport data in order to assess cross-border connectivity within the European Union. Transport infrastructure can strongly influence cross-border interactions as well as regional, urban or local development. The analysis is carried out using a policy perspective, with network efficiency as the main indicator of accessibility. The aim is to allow the quantification of the quality of cross-border road connections and the identification of areas where infrastructure improvements can lead to higher benefits. We propose a machine learning approach that combines cell level route assignment and k-means clustering at a fine −1 square km- population grid. The outputs cover all internal EU land borders and consist of sets of spatial clusters that meet user-defined policy criteria. The results can be used as input for investment decisions and can be easily combined with other policy support tools for tailored multi-criteria analysis.
JRC Directorate:Energy, Transport and Climate

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