Title: Novel indicators to better monitor the collection and recovery of (critical) raw materials in WEEE: Focus on screens
Authors: HORTA ARDUIN RACHELMATHIEUX FABRICEHUISMAN JACOBBLENGINI GIOVANNICHARBUILLET CAROLEWAGNER MICHELLEBALDE KEESPERRY NICOLAS
Citation: RESOURCES CONSERVATION AND RECYCLING vol. 157 p. 104772
Publisher: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Publication Year: 2020
JRC N°: JRC116174
ISSN: 0921-3449 (online)
URI: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921344920300938?via%3Dihub
https://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC116174
DOI: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2020.104772
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: Currently, in the European Union (EU), e-waste chain performance is assessed by technical indicators that aim to ensure system compliance with collection and recovery targets set by the WEEE Directive. This study proposes indicators to improve WEEE flow monitoring beyond the current overall weight-based approach, including complementary flows and treatment performance. A case study focused on the screen category in France is presented. In 2017, the collection rate of cathode-ray tube screens (CRT) was 68%, while for flat panel display (FPD) generated only 14% was collected. CRT screens have less precious and critical materials than FDP. Thus, elements like cobalt and gold highly concentrated in FPD, have a collection rate two to four times lower than elements such as copper (37%) which represents a high proportion in CRTs. Recycling is the main treatment in France. Nevertheless, the recycling rate per element varies significantly due to the low collection, and also the lack of technology and/or secondary raw materials market. The elements with higher recycling rates are base metals such as copper (28%), followed by precious metals like silver (23%), and gold (13%). Except for palladium, the recycling rate of the critical raw materials targeted in the study ranged from 6% (cobalt) to 0% (e.g. neodymium and indium). The results stress the need for indicators to support the development of WEEE chain from waste management to secondary (critical) raw materials suppliers.
JRC Directorate:Sustainable Resources

Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.


Items in repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.