Title: Application of Explosive Detection Systems Steps for Fielding
Publisher: OPOCE
Publication Year: 2007
JRC N°: JRC41201
ISSN: 1018-5593
Other Identifiers: EUR 23024 EN
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC41201
Type: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports
Abstract: In this paper we have surveyed some steps regarding application and fielding of explosive detection systems. We discussed the characteristics of the system which must be considered when procuring it, in order to be sure that the system will fit our requirements and can be smoothly fielded. We reviewed some basic methods of risk assessment that can be used for any security field and, in particular, are applicable to the process of fielding an EDS. The risk assessment process must consider the scenario, the known existing threats and any new threats that have arisen or which could occur in the future, such as new explosive targets and new methods of delivery and use. The new threats, and the weaknesses of current systems and methods, need to be reviewed during the process of risk assessment and decision making for future R&D and purchase. In some cases, new threats need to be taken into account in the development process. An astute decision at this stage can provide very important benefits for a small investment. Quality assurance at the production company is based on the specification of the system that defines all the technical parameters. These should be recognized and agreed with the buyer because they are an important part of the implementation of the security system. The end-product quality is measured against them. The key technical characteristics have to be carefully determined and the technical specification very precisely defined to allow it to be a basic document for the purchase and fielding of the system. We mention the main parameters that should be defined by the customer during the process: the explosives that need to detected by system, the required sensitivity, maximum tolerable false alarm rate, throughput rate and cost. Privacy and health and safety issues may also need to be considered. During the purchase process, demonstration and field test and evaluation are conducted to ensure that development and production has met the requirements. At this stage too, the specification document is the key point of reference, defining the parameters and values that are to be checked. Finally, we describe some of the new threats that are emerging and how EDS might be developed to meet them.
JRC Directorate:Space, Security and Migration

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