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|Title:||Update Progress on the Establishment of a Meta-database for Genetic Data on Fish and Shellfish Genetics Covered under the ICES Remit|
|Authors:||MARTINSOHN Jann; VERSPOOR Eric|
|Publisher:||International Council for the Exploration of the Sea - ICES|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||Five Terms of Reference (ToRs) were on the agenda for 2008. The first issue addressed was to review the application of a new class of genetic markers, ¿SNP´s¿ (Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms), in fisheries genetics and aquaculture. The molecular genetic revolution has facilitated the investigation of a high number of genetic markers (SNP¿s) spread throughout the genome of an organism. SNP¿s have revolutionised many other fields of genetics, and is also expected to gain wider application and become ¿state of the art¿ for many purposes in fisheries genetics and aquaculture. For instance, the application of SNP analysis allows analysis of both demographic processes as well as natural and human induced selection. Likewise, SNP¿s are very well suited for analysis of DNA from historical samples thereby facilitating genetic monitoring of populations. Still, different technical platforms for scoring SNP variability have to be assessed for reliability and cost effectiveness. Likewise, the development of new analytical tools to make full use of the large datasets generated should be encouraged. Finally, the group does not recommend to abandon previously employed genetic methods, but to critically evaluate the best suited method for different purposes.|
|JRC Directorate:||Space, Security and Migration|
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