Title: A New PCR-Based Bioassay Strategy for the Detection of Type A Trichothecenes in Food
Authors: BOWENS PriscillaLANCOVA KaterinaDIP RamiroPOVILAITYTE VitalijaSTROKA JoergNAEGELI Hanspeter
Citation: ANALYST vol. 134 no. 5 p. 939-944
Publication Year: 2009
JRC N°: JRC53129
ISSN: 0003-2654
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC53129
DOI: 10.1039/b821023c
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: Type A trichothecenes (primarily T-2 and HT-2 toxins) are common fungal metabolites found in a wide range of grains and other field crops grown in temperate climatic zones. By acting as potent inhibitors of protein synthesis, T-2 and HT-2 exert adverse effects particularly against rapidly proliferating tissues, including the bone marrow, the immune system and epithelial cells. Based on toxicity studies in laboratory and farm animals, a temporary tolerable daily intake for the sum of T-2 and HT-2 has been issued in the European Union. However, exposure assessments suggest that the combined intake of these natural compounds exceeds in many cases the proposed threshold. To further protect the consumers, it is therefore necessary to screen a large number of food samples for parts per billion levels of both T-2 and HT-2. Towards that goal, we are the first to report that these two type A trichothecenes induce fast and high-amplitude transcriptional changes in cultured human breast cancer cells. This specific response involving marker gene inductions by more than 1000-fold has been exploited to develop a real-time PCR-based screening method that displays a limit of detection of 5 ng g-1 for T-2 and 10 ng g-1 for HT-2. The practicability of this bioassay is demonstrated by its application to the detection of type A trichothecenes in different food matrices.
JRC Directorate:Health, Consumers and Reference Materials

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