Title: Local and Electronic Structure of Americium-Bearing PuO2
Authors: PRIEUR DAMIENCARVAJAL NUNEZ URSULAVITOVA T.SOMERS Joseph
Citation: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF INORGANIC CHEMISTRY vol. 2013 no. 9 p. 1518-1524
Publisher: WILEY-BLACKWELL
Publication Year: 2013
JRC N°: JRC75776
ISSN: 1434-1948
URI: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ejic.201201294/full
http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC75776
DOI: 10.1002/ejic.201201294
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: X-ray Diffraction and X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy have shown that a material composed of two (Pu,Am)O2-x substoichiometric fluorite-type structures is obtained by sintering in moisturized Ar-H2. The Pu oxidation state is, surprisingly, strictly (+IV) while Am exhibits a (+III/+IV) mixed valence. Thus, the Am-O system and particularly the Am oxidation state play a major role in the sintering behavior of the Pu-Am-O system. The heating of this compound in air leads to the formation of a fluorite Pu0.80Am0.20O1.98 solid solution. The transition from one phase to two phase structure takes place in a temperature inferior to 800°C. The results were compared with previous studies on Am bearing UO2 and ThO2 which have evidenced different behaviors.
JRC Directorate:Nuclear Safety and Security

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