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|Title:||Systems for prevention and control of epidemic emergencies|
|Authors:||CALISTRI Paolo; CONTE Annamaria; NATALE Fabrizio; POSSENTI Luigi; SAVINI Lara; DANZETTA Maria Luisa; IANNETTI Simona; GIOVANNINI Armando|
|Citation:||VETERINARIA ITALIANA vol. 49 no. 3 p. 255-261|
|Publisher:||IST ZOOPROFILATTICO SPERIMENTALE ABRUZZO & MOLISE G CAPORALE-IZS A&M|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||The development of early warning systems is fundamental for preventing the spread of infectious diseases. Data collection, however, is a costly activity and it is not possible to implement early warning systems everywhere and for all possible events. Hence, tools helping to improve the focus of surveillance efforts are of paramount importance. Risk assessment methods and other provisional modelling techniques may permit to estimate the probability of introduction and spread of infectious diseases in different geographical areas. Similarly, efficient information systems must be in place to assist the veterinary services in case of epidemic emergencies in order to support the prompt application of control measures for the containment of the infection and the reduction of the magnitude of negative consequences. This review describes two recent approaches to the estimation of the probability of introduction and spread of infectious diseases based on the use of risk maps/ spatial modelling and Social Network Analysis (SNA) techniques. The review also describes a web application developed in Italy to help official veterinary services to trace animals in case of outbreaks of infectious diseases.|
|JRC Directorate:||Space, Security and Migration|
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