Title: Impact of shale gas development on water resources: A case study in Northern Poland
Citation: ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT vol. 55 no. 6 p. 1285-1299
Publisher: SPRINGER
Publication Year: 2015
JRC N°: JRC95261
ISSN: 0364-152X
URI: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00267-015-0454-8
DOI: 10.1007/s00267-015-0454-8
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: Shale gas is currently being explored in Europe as an alternative energy source to conventional oil and gas. There is, however, increasing concern about the potential environmental impacts of shale gas extraction by hydraulic fracturing (fracking). In this study we focussed on the potential impacts on regional water resources within the Baltic Basin in Poland, both in terms of quantity and quality. The future development of the shale play was modelled for the timeperiod 2015-2030 using the LUISA modelling framework. We formulated 2 scenarios which took into account the large range in technology and resource requirements, as well as 2 additional scenarios based on the current legislation and the potential restrictions which could be put in place. According to these scenarios, between 0.03 and 0.86% of the total water withdrawals for all sectors could be attributed to shale gas exploitation within the study area. A screening-level assessment of the potential impact of the chemicals commonly used in fracking was carried out and showed that due to their wide range of physicochemical properties, these chemicals may pose additional pressure on freshwater ecosystems. The legislation put in place also influenced the resulting environmental impacts of shale gas extraction. Especially important are the protection of vulnerable ground and surface water resources and the promotion of more water-efficient technologies.
JRC Directorate:Sustainable Resources

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