Title: The role of the Eurasian wheat belt to regional and global food security
Authors: SHAGAIDA NatalyaYANBYKH RenataVOIGT PeterMISHRA Ashok K.TRIPATHI AmaranthWANG HollyFELLMANN THOMASARAUJO ENCISO SERGIO RENÉDELINCE JACQUESSALPUTRA GUNASANTINI FabienM'BAREK RobertARTAVIA OREAMUNO MARCO ANTONIOMARY SEBASTIENGOMEZ Y PALOMA SergioLANGRELL StephenCIAIAN PAVEL
Editors: STEPHEN Langrell
CIAIAN PAVEL
MARY SEBASTIEN
GOMEZ Y PALOMA Sergio
Publisher: Publications Office of the European Union
Publication Year: 2015
JRC N°: JRC95580
ISBN: 978-92-79-48247-2
ISSN: 1831-9424
Other Identifiers: EUR 27243
OP LF-NA-27243-EN-N
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC95580
DOI: 10.2791/208638
Type: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports
Abstract: Food security remains to be a major societal concern. In the light of the current expectations of population growth, world food production has to be massively increased to sustain the associated food demand rise. While agricultural productivity was rising during recent decades in the US, Europe and also in some developing countries, the corresponding growth rates lately appeared to be slowing down. In fact, the only world region with a significant amount of arable land, which currently is not under cultivation and which at the same time is, moreover, experiencing rising productivity figures, is the so called 'Eurasian wheat belt', comprising of Russia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan and the Central Asian countries, namely Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Kirgizstan. In this light, the Joint Research Centre and the Directorate-General for Agriculture and Rural Development organized a thematic workshop, held during 20 – 22 May 2014 in Istanbul/Turkey, set up to bring experts on the matter together and to discuss to what extent these countries could play a role for regional and international food security. Following the workshop analysis and discussion, this report provides a comprehensive technical overview of the wheat production, and the main factors to achieve full production potential across the Eurasian wheat belt with regards to national, regional and global issues of cereal supply and food security in evolving global markets. It reviews key horizontal issues, such as land policy, credit and finance, privatization, farm structures, social consequences of transition, environmental challenges, against the backdrop of agrarian reforms implemented during the transition period. In addition the report explores production potential and corresponding institutional and policy restrictions in a series of Eurasian countries. Finally, the report closes with expert opined policy-relevant conclusions as a basis for policy suggestions and recommendations.
JRC Directorate:Growth and Innovation

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