Title: Characterization of Metallic Fuel for Minor Actinides Transmutation in Fast Reactor
Citation: PROGRESS IN NUCLEAR ENERGY vol. 94 p. 194-201
Publication Year: 2017
JRC N°: JRC97175
ISSN: 0149-1970
URI: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S014919701630083X
DOI: 10.1016/j.pnucene.2016.04.004
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: The METAPHIX programme is a collaboration between the Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry (CRIEPI, Japan) and the Joint Research Centre - Institute for Transuranium Elements (JRC-ITU) of the European Commission dedicated to investigate the safety and effectiveness of a closed nuclear fuel cycle based on Minor Actinides (MA: Np, Am, Cm) separation from spent fuel, incorporation in metal alloy fuel and transmutation in fast reactor. Nine Na-bonded experimental pins of metal alloy fuel were prepared at ITU and irradiated at the Phenix reactor (CEA, France) achieving 2.5 at.%, 7 at.% and 10 at% burn-up. Four metal alloy compositions were irradiated: U-Pu-Zr used as fuel reference, U-Pu-Zr + 5 wt.% MA, U-Pu-Zr + 2 wt.% MA + 2 wt.% Rare Earths (RE: Nd, Y, Ce, Gd), and + 5 wt.% MA + 5 wt.% RE, respectively. RE reproduce the expected output of a pyrometallurgical reprocessing facility. Post Irradiation Examination is performed using several techniques, covering properties ranging from the macroscopic morphology of the fuel matrix to the microanalysis of phases and elemental redistribution / segregation. The irradiated fuel is characterized by many phases occurring along the fuel radius. The fuel underwent large redistribution of the fuel constituents (U, Pu, Zr) and many secondary phases are present with a variety of compositions. The distribution of phases in the irradiated fuel containing minor actinides and rare earths is essentially similar to that observed in the basic ternary alloy fuel.
JRC Directorate:Nuclear Safety and Security

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