Title: CSF Aβ1-42 – an excellent but complicated Alzheimer's biomarker – a route to standardisation
Authors: KUHLMANN JULIAANDREASSON ULFPANNEE JOSEFBJERKE MARIAPORTELIUS ERIKLEINENBACH ANDREASBITTNER TOBIASKORECKA MAGDALENAJENKINS RANDVANDERSTICHELE HUGOSTOOPS ERIKLEWCZUK PIOTRSHAW LESLIEZEGERS INGRIDSCHIMMEL HEINZZETTERBERG HENRIKBLENNOW KAJ
Citation: CLINICA CHIMICA ACTA vol. 467 p. 27-33
Publisher: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Publication Year: 2017
JRC N°: JRC98419
ISSN: 0009-8981
URI: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0009898116302182
http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC98419
DOI: 10.1016/j.cca.2016.05.014
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: The 42 amino acid form of amyloid β (Aβ1-42) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) has been widely accepted as a central biomarker for Alzheimer's disease. Several immunoassays for CSF Aβ1-42 are commercially available, but can suffer from between laboratory and batch-to-batch variability as well as lack of standardisation across assays. As a consequence, no general cut-off values have been established for a specific context of use (e.g., clinical diagnostics) and selection of individuals for enrolment in clinical trials (patient stratification) remains challenging. The International Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (IFCC) has initiated a working group for CSF proteins (WG-CSF) to facilitate standardisation of CSF Aβ1-42 measurement results. The efforts of the IFCC WG-CSF include the development of certified reference materials (CRMs) and reference measurements procedures (RMPs) for key biomarkers. Two candidate RMPs for quantification of Aβ1-42 in CSF based on liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry have been developed and tested in two ring trials. Furthermore, two commutability studies including native CSF pools, artificial CSF and spiked materials have been completed. On the basis of these studies, human CSF pools containing only endogenous Aβ1-42 at three concentrations were selected as the format for future CRMs that are now being processed.
JRC Directorate:Health, Consumers and Reference Materials

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